Velyky, Atanasii [Великий, Атанасій; Velykyj, Atanasij; Welykyj, Athanasius G.], b 5 November 1911 in Turynka, Zhovkva county, Galicia, d 24 December 1982 in Rome. Churchman and historian; member of the Shevchenko Scientific Society from 1953. He studied philosophy and theology in Krystynopil (1938–40) and at the Ukrainian Free University in Prague (PH D, 1944) and the Gregorian University in Rome (TH D, 1948). He also studied the history of the Eastern church at the Pontifical Oriental Institute (1946–8) and paleology at the Vatican. He joined the Basilian monastic order in 1933, and was ordained in 1946. He was vice-rector (1948–53 and 1955–60) and prorector (1961–3) of Saint Josaphat's Ukrainian Pontifical College in Rome. From 1960 to 1965 Velyky served as president of the Ukrainian Theological Scholarly Society and secretary of the Vatican’s Preconciliar and Conciliar Commission on the Eastern Churches. Thanks to his efforts the commission adopted a resolution on the need for establishing a Kyiv patriarchate. He was superior general (1963–76) and then consultant general of the Basilian monastic order. He was also a consultant to the Congregation for Eastern Churches and the Commission for the Revision of the Canon Law of the Roman and Eastern Churches. He headed the Bible Commission of the Basilian monastic order that prepared the first Ukrainian translation of the Bible from the original languages.
In 1949 Velyky revived and expanded Analecta Ordinis S. Basilii Magni. He published a number of important documentary collections: Actae S. Congregationis de Propaganda Fide, 1622–1862 (5 vols, 1953–5), Documenta Pontificum Romanorum Historiam Ucrainae Illustrantia, 1075–1953 (2 vols, 1953–4), Litterae S. Congregationis de Propaganda Fide, 1622–1862 (7 vols, 1954–7), Epistolae Metropolitarum Kioviensium Catholicorum, 1613–1839 (9 vols, 1956–80), Litterae Nuntiorum Apostolicorum, 1550–1900 (14 vols, 1959–77), Documenta Unionis Berestensis eiusque Auctorum, 1590–1600 (1970), Litterae Episcoporum, 1600–1900 (5 vols, 1972–81), and Litterae Basilianorum, 1601–1760 (2 vols, 1979). He established the series Ukrainska dukhovna biblioteka (The Ukrainian Spiritual Library), which published over 70 titles, 17 of which he wrote. His book on religious persecution in Ukraine, Bila knyha (The White Book, 1952), was translated into German, English, and Spanish. He also wrote a history of the Sisters Servants of Mary Immaculate (1968), Svitla i tini (Lights and Shadows, 1969), Ukraïns'ke khrystyianstvo (Ukrainian Christianity, 1969), and Z litopysu khrystyians'koï Ukraïny (From the Chronicle of Christian Ukraine, 9 vols, 1968–77). He contributed many entries to Entsyklopediia ukraïnoznavstva and Encyclopedia of Ukraine and drafted the missive from the Ukrainian Catholic church hierarchy on the anniversary of Saint Olha and the official statement issued by the Ukrainian bishops regarding the release from Siberia of Metropolitan Yosyf Slipy.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5 (1993).]
Encyclopedia of Ukraine