Gartner, Theodor, b 4 November 1843 in Vienna, d 29 April 1925 in Innsbruck. German philologist; a professor at Chernivtsi University. Together with Stepan Smal-Stotsky he wrote a Ukrainian school grammar (1893, 4th edn 1928), which was widely used in Austrian-ruled Ukraine, and the scholarly Grammatik der ruthenischen (ukrainischen) Sprache (1913). He favored a phonetic spelling in the discussions on orthography in Western Ukraine.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 2 (1988).]