Kremenchuk Hydroelectric Station
Kremenchuk Hydroelectric Station (Kremenchutska HES). One of the largest stations of the Dnipro Cascade of Hydroelectric Stations. It was built in 1954–60 on the Dnipro River near Kremenchuk and has a general output capacity of 625,000 kW, producing annually an average of 1.5 billion kWh. The station's 12 generating plants, one-chamber shipping lock, concrete dam, and several earthen levees occupy a 12.6-km-long pressure front. The station is the first in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics to operate without an engine room; its generators are built beneath special metal hoods, and all operations are automated. The Kremenchuk Reservoir was created with the completion of the station's dam.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 2 (1989).]