Livytsky, Mykola

Livytsky, Mykola [Лівицький, Микола; Livyc'kyj; pseudonym V. Tkach], b 9 January 1907 in Zhmerynka, Vinnytsia county, Podilia gubernia, d 8 December 1989 in Philadelphia. Political leader and journalist; son of Andrii Livytsky and Mariia Livytska. He studied in Prague, Warsaw, and Geneva and in 1925–7 headed the Ukrainian Students’ Hromada in Warsaw. In 1932–9 he served as the representative of the Government-in-exile of the Ukrainian National Republic in Geneva, and in 1945–6 he helped establish the Ukrainian National State Union (which he headed in 1950–67). In 1949 he became a member of the executive of the Ukrainian National Council, and in 1957 became its head as well as director of foreign affairs. He was elected president of the Government-in-exile of the Ukrainian National Republic in 1967 at the 6th session of the Ukrainian National Council. In 1984 he moved to the United States of America and settled in Philadelphia. Livytsky published many articles and publicistic works for a wide range of Ukrainian periodicals and publicistic brochures; a number of them are compiled in Vidnosyny Zakhid-Skhid i problemy ponevolenykh Moskvoiu narodiv (East-West Relations and the Problems of Nations Enslaved by Moscow, 1975).

[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 3 (1993).]

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