Newark

Image - Newark, NJ: Saint John Ukrainian Catholic Church.

Newark. See Google Map. A port city (2020 pop 311,549) on the west bank of the Passaic River and Newark Bay in northeastern New Jersey. An important industrial, trading, and financial center, it is the largest city in the state. A large job market and its proximity to New York made Newark attractive to Ukrainian immigrants: in 1930 there were about 1,400 Ukrainian residents, and by 1980 approximately 13,600. Community organizations began in the city with the Saint Nicholas Brotherhood in 1900. In 1906 the first Ukrainian public meeting was held. A Ukrainian Catholic parish was set up in 1907 by Rev I. Dorozhynsky, and an Orthodox parish in 1918. The Ukrainian People's Home was incorporated in 1915, and bought its own building two years later. In 1921 the American-Ukrainian Building and Loan Association was formed; 10 years later its assets reached 750,000 dollars. Newark’s Trident Savings and Loan Association (est 1921) survived the depression and had reached assets of 18 million dollars by the 1960s. In 1924 the Chornomorska Sich sports club was founded, and over time it developed a reputation for its prowess in soccer. In the interwar period there were over 30 organizations in Newark. The Self-Reliance Federal Credit Union was set up in 1959; by 1978 it had almost 3,000 members and assets of 7.2 million dollars. Among the various Ukrainian organizations in Newark, the Ukrainian Center and the Chornomorska Sich sports club are the most active.

[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 3 (1993).]




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