Solokha kurhan

Image - A view of the Solokha kurhan. Image - A Scythian gilded bowl from the Solokha kurhan (4th century BC).

Solokha kurhan [курган Слоха]. A Royal Scythian kurhan of the late 5th to early 4th century BC near Velyka Znamianka, now in Kamianka-Dniprovska raion, Zaporizhia oblast. Excavations by Nikolai Veselovsky in 1912–13 uncovered two burial vaults—a looted central chamber and an intact side chamber, under an 18 m mound. Among the items recovered in the course of excavations were the remains of five horses and their handler, a masterfully executed gold comb with figures of warring Scythians, a Greek helmet, a bronze mace, and domestic items. Solokha was one of the richest of the Royal Scythian kurhans found in Ukraine; the collection is housed in the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg.

[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 4 (1993).]

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