Teplov, Grigorii

Teplov, Grigorii [Теплов, Григорий], b 20 November 1717 in Pskov, d 30 March 1779 in Saint Petersburg. Russian state and cultural figure; honorary member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He was a personal aide to and manager for Hetman Kyrylo Rozumovsky before becoming an adviser to Catherine II after she assumed power in 1762. He prepared a memorandum (ca 1763) about the ‘disorders in Little Russia’ which criticized political, economic, and (particularly) legal practices in the Hetman state. He asserted that Ukraine was actually an ancient Russian area that had developed distinctive institutions and ways only because of its long period of Polish rule. His recommendation for more direct Russian rule influenced Catherine’s decision to abolish the Hetman state.

[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5 (1993).]

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