Adygei Autonomous oblast
Adygei Autonomous oblast. (Map: Adygei Autonomous oblast.) Autonomous oblast within the borders of the Krasnodar krai with Maikop as its capital city. This autonomous region includes a part of the Kuban Lowland on the left bank of the Kuban River and Laba River and a part of the northern foothills of the Caucasus Mountains. It covers an area of 7,600 sq km and had a population of 405,000 in 1980. The oblast is settled by Adygeians (21 percent), Russians (71 percent), and Ukrainians (3 percent). In 1926, 23.4 percent of the oblast's population of 112,767 was Ukrainian.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]