Artemivsk rock salt deposits
Artemivsk rock salt deposits. Rock salt deposits near Artemivsk (Donetsk oblast). Since the 16th century salt has been produced from these by the evaporation method. In 1881 it began to be mined. On 1 January 1976 the existing salt reserves were estimated at 5.2 billion t, extending over 170 sq km. The Artemivsk rock salt deposits are the largest in Ukraine and form one of the largest salt fields in the former USSR. The deposits are associated with strata from the Permian period. The salt is found in layers that alternate with other types of deposits at a depth of 80–525 m. Currently, three layers are being mined. The extracted salt is of a high quality: 97.5–98.5 percent sodium chloride. In 1979 the annual production of salt was 90 percent of Ukraine's total output of salt and 40 percent of the USSR output. The principal forms of salt produced here are table salt, iodized table salt, and salt as feed for livestock. Since 1976 the salt in Artemivsk has been mined by the enterprise Artemsil.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]