Belarusian regiment (Biloruskyi polk). An administrative-territorial and military entity of the Hetman state (see Regimantal system), established in June 1654 under the command of Acting hetman Ivan Zolotarenko in Chavusy (and known also as the Chavusy or Mahiliou regiment). The regiment's territory included the counties of Mahiliou, Mstsislau, and Bykhau. After Zolotarenko was killed in 1655, the regiment was commanded by Col Ivan Nechai. The regiment was dissolved by Hetman Yurii Khmelnytsky in November 1659, and the region became part of a Muscovite voivodeship.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]