Bohodukhiv [Bohoduxiv]. Map: III-16. City (2001 pop 18,200) and raion center in northwestern Kharkiv oblast, on the Merlia River (a tributary of the Vorskla River). It was first mentioned in 1571 as Diakiv citadel, a defense post against Tatar raids. The Bohodukhiv fortress was built in 1662. Bohodukhiv became a town in 1681 and a county center of Kharkiv vicegerency (later Kharkiv gubernia) in 1780. The city has a repair plant, a food-processing industry, and a medical school.