Botanical museum. A scientific research institution that collects, preserves, and studies plant collections and at the same time popularizes the achievements of botany. In Ukraine the best-known botanical museum is the Museum of the Institute of Botany of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, which was established in 1921 as the Botanical Cabinet and Herbarium at the All-Ukrainian Academy of Sciences and in 1966 became part of the Central Museum of Natural History of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]