City school [городське училище; horodske uchylyshche]. A six-year elementary school established in the Russian Empire in 1872. Replacing county schools and parochial schools, city schools taught the children of small merchants, tradesmen, and government employees. Their program did not prepare pupils to continue their education at gymnasiums or vocational schools. The teachers were trained at special teachers' institutes (the first institute of this kind in Ukraine was opened in Hlukhiv in 1874). In 1912 the city schools was replaced by the upper elementary school system.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]