Dmowski, Roman, b 9 August 1864 in Kamionek near Warsaw, d 2 January 1939 in Drozdowo, Poland. Polish politician, one of the founders and leaders of the Polish National Democratic party. Dmowski was a deputy to the Second and Third Russian State Duma and head of the Duma’s Polish Club. From 1917 to 1919 he was head of the Polish National Committee in Paris, signing the Treaty of Versailles as Poland’s representative in 1919. In 1923 he was Poland’s foreign minister. He opposed Ukrainian independence and favored the partition of Ukraine between Poland and the USSR, a view to which he gave brutal expression in his book Swiat powojenny i Polska (The Postwar World and Poland, 1932).
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]