Dnieper Cascade of Hydroelectric Stations
Dnieper Cascade of Hydroelectric Stations (Dniprovskyi kaskad hes). (Map: Dnieper Cascade.) A series of six hydroelectric stations on the Dnieper River. The projected potential of these stations is about 3.8 million kilowatts. The average annual production is 9.8 billion kilowatt-hours. The energy potential of the Dnieper began to be tapped when the Dnieper Hydroelectric Station was built in 1927–32 (352,000 kW) according to the plan of the State Commission for the Electrification of Russia (GOELRO). In 1950–6 the Kakhivka Hydroelectric Station (352,000 kW) was built, followed by the Kremenchuk Hydroelectric Station (625,000 kW) in 1960, the Dniprodzerzhynsk Hydroelectric Station (325,000 kW) in 1956–64, the Kyiv Hydroelectric Station (586,000 kW) in 1968, and the Kaniv Hydroelectric Station (444,000 kW) in 1963–75. In 1969 construction of the Dnieper Hydroelectric Station - 2 (Dniprohes-2), with a potential of 828,000 kW, began. Eight smaller hydroelectric stations are planned for the future on the upper stretch of the Dnieper in Belarus and Russia. The large reservoirs that have been constructed as part of the Dnieper Cascade are used for regulating the water level of the Dnieper, irrigating the arid regions of southern Ukraine, and improving the water supply in the industrial regions along the Dnieper and in the Donets Basin. At the same time a deep-water route along the Dnieper from the Black Sea to the mouth of the Prypiat River has been created.