Dolyna. Map: V-5. City (2017 pop 20,619) in Galician Subcarpathia, at the foot of the Gorgany Mountains; a raion center in Ivano-Frankivsk oblast. Dolyna has been known for its salt mines since the 14th century. In 1525 it received Magdeburg law. In 1857 it became a county town. Since the 1950s Dolyna has been the center of the Dolyna oil field, and the petroleum industry and natural gas industry have been the main industries of the town. It has a gas-benzene plant, which began production in 1966; a reinforced-concrete-products plant; a salt factory; and a brick factory. It also has a food industry. An oil pipeline connects Dolyna and Drohobych, and a gas pipeline connects Dolyna with Ivano-Frankivsk and Chernivtsi.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]