Drahomanivka. The Ukrainian alphabet as reformed by Mykhailo Drahomanov. The reform was based on the principle of one letter per phoneme. Hence, Drahomanov rejected щ and ъ and replaced є, ï, ю, я after a vowel by a combination of the vowel in question with j (jармарок [fair]), and after a consonant by a combination with ь (царьа [tsar's, gen sing]). Drahomanov used this alphabet in his letters and publications starting in 1876, but it did not catch on.