Duda [дуда; bagpipe; also known as волинка (volynka), коза (koza), баран (baran), and міх (mikh)]. A folk musical instrument that has been played in Ukraine since the 16th century. It consists of a goatskin bag that holds the air and has wooden sockets (holovychky). Into these sockets (stocks) are inserted the following pipes: (1) the blowpipe (sysak), with a stopper or a non-returning valve, through which the bag is inflated; (2) two bass pipes (drones): the longer one, known as the huk, emits a low drone, the shorter a high drone; and (3) the melody pipe with holes for fingering as in the sopilka.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]