Elm (Ulmus; Ukrainian: berest, viaz). Tree of the Ulmaceae family with the characteristic broad crown and a height of up to 30 m. It grows in the lowland forests of Europe. Seven species grow in Ukraine; U. laevis, U. foliacea, U. suberosa, and U. scabra are the most common. The wood of the elm is durable and elastic. It is used in making farm implements, furniture, wagons, musical instruments, veneer, and so on. The elm tree is often cultivated in parks.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]