Grave, Dmytro [Ґраве, Дмитро], b 6 September 1863 in Kirillov, Novgorod gubernia, d 19 December 1939 in Kyiv. Mathematician; from 1919 full member of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR, from 1923 full member of the Shevchenko Scientific Society, and from 1929 honorary member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. After obtaining a doctorate from Saint Petersburg University in 1897, he was first a professor at Kharkiv University (till 1899) and then at Kyiv University (till 1939). From 1934 to 1939 he was also director of the Institute of Mathematics of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR in Kyiv, where he made important contributions to Galois theory, the theory of ideals, number theory, the three-body problem, and equations of the 5th degree. Later, he contributed to the advancement of applied mathematics, mathematical physics, and mechanics. Grave is regarded as the founder of the Kyiv school of algebra, which became the center of algebraic studies for the entire USSR. Besides numerous research articles, Grave wrote several books, including Teoriia konechnykh grupp (The Theory of Finite Groups, 1908), Kurs algebraicheskogo analiza (A Course of Algebraic Analysis, 1910), and Teoreticheskaia mekhanika na osnove tekhniki (Theoretical Mechanics Based on Technology, 1932).
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 2 (1988).]