Hulak, Mykola [Гулак, Микола], b 25 May 1822 in Warsaw, d 7 June 1899 in Yelizavetpol, Azerbaijan. Educator and scholar. A graduate of Dorpat (Tartu) University (1843), he was a founder and one of the radical members of the Cyril and Methodius Brotherhood. He was severely punished for this association by imprisonment in Schlüsselburg Fortress (1847–50) and exile in Perm (1850–5). Then he taught secondary school in southern Ukraine and Caucasia. Known for his encyclopedic knowledge, he wrote studies in history, philology, literature, and mathematics, and translated some Georgian and Azerbaijan literary works.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 2 (1988).]