Huliaipole or Huliai-Pole [Гуляйполе or Гуляй-Поле; Huljajpole or Huljaj-Pole]. Map: VI-17. A city (2016 pop 13,994) on the Haichur River and a raion center in Zaporizhia oblast. It was founded in the 1770s as a military outpost in a defensive line against the Crimean Khanate. In 1785 it was expanded into a military settlement. From 1859 annual fairs were taking part in Huliai-Pole and the village developed into a small town, a local trade and manufacturing center. From 1917 to 1921 Huliai-Pole was the center of Nestor Makhno’s anarchist activity (see Partisan movement in Ukraine, 1918–22). It was granted city status in 1938 and became a raion center. The city has agricultural-machinery, automobile-repair, paint, consumer-products, food-processing, mixed-feed, and shoe plants. It also has a regional studies museum the largest exposition in which is dedicated to Nestor Makhno and his partisan movement.
[This article was updated in 2016.]