Kakhivka Reservoir.(Map: Kakhivka Reservoir.) A huge reservoir created n 1956 after the dam of the Kakhivka Hydroelectric Station was built on the lower Dnieper River. It is 240 km long and up to 23 km wide and has a surface area of 2,155 sq km, a volume of 18.2 cu km, and an average depth of 8.4 m. Its level varies from 3 to 26 m. Its waters supply hydroelectric stations, the Krasnoznamianka Irrigation System and the Kakhivka Irrigation System, industrial plants, freshwater-fish farms, the North Crimean Canal and the Dnieper–Kryvyi Rih Canal. The reservoir has created a deep-water route, allowing sea ships to sail up the Dnieper.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 2 (1989).]