Kyiv Hills [Київські гори; Kyivski hory]. Forming the eastern edge of the Dnieper Upland, the Kyiv Hills near Kyiv reach an elevation of 200 m and descend steeply to the Dnieper River (at 100 m). They are built of Tertiary and Quaternary strata (marls, clays, and sands) that are overlain with loess and dissected by rivers and ravines.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 2 (1988).]