Liubotyn [Ljubotyn]. Map: IV-16. A city (2005 pop 22,500) in Kharkiv raion, Kharkiv oblast. Founded in the mid-17th century, Liubotyn served as a company center of Kharkiv regiment. In the mid-18th century the region was involved in the haidamaka uprisings. Since the 1880s Liubotyn has been an important railway junction on the Kharkiv–Mykolaiv line. It was given city status in 1938. It has several railway-related enterprises, a textile plant, a brickyard, a liquor distillery, and a dried yeast–feed factory. A Scythian settlement from the 2nd millennium BC has been discovered near Liubotyn (see Liubotyn fortified settlement).
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 3 (1993).]