Main Astronomical Observatory

Main Astronomical Observatory [Головна астрономічна обсерваторія; Holovna astronomichna observatoriia). A scientific research institute established in 1944 through the initiative of Aleksandr Orlov, an academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. The observatory is located at Holosiieve, 10 km south of Kyiv, and is equipped with a reflector 70 cm in diameter, a vertical Wanshaft disc with a lens 19 cm in diameter, a double astrograph with a lens 40 cm in diameter, and solar and other telescopes. The basic areas of research are problems of astrometry, physics of planetary atmospheres, solar physics, lunar physics, and stellar physics. The observatory publishes scientific journals Astrometriia i astrofizyka, Kinematyka i fizyka nebesnykh til, and Kosmichna nauka i tekhnolohiia. (See also Astronomy.)

[This article was updated in 2016.]

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