Meleshko, Fotii [Мелешко, Фотій; Meleško, Fotij], b 25 August 1889 in Hlodosy, Yelysavethrad county, Kherson gubernia, d 6 December 1970 in New York, New York State, USA. Political leader and writer. In 1917, during Ukraine’s struggle for independence (1917–20), Meleshko was one of the organizers of the military units of the Army of the Ukrainian National Republic; subsequently he became a political activist for an independent Ukraine. In 1921 he emigrated to Prague, and after the Second World War, to the United States of America. He is the author of numerous sketches and stories. His best-known works are the dramas Ponad Dniprom (Along the Dnipro River, 1921) and Tr'oma shliakhamy (By Three Roads, 1964) and the novel Try pokolinnia (Three Generations, vol 1, 1943; vol 2, 1959).
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 3 (1993).]