Molodove [Молодове]. A multi-occupational Paleolithic Period site on the right bank of the Dnister River near Molodove, Chernivtsi oblast. Discovered in the 1920s, the site was excavated from 1951 to 1980. While numerous occupational periods have been discovered at Molodove, the most important are Molodove I and Molodove V. Molodove I consists of nine distinct settlements spanning the period from the Middle Paleolithic (the Mousterian culture) to the Mesolithic Period. Dwellings of Molodove I utilized mammoth bones to provide a building frame upon which skins were laid. At Molodove V twenty settlements spanning the Middle and Upper Paleolithic periods were uncovered. Many flint, bone, and horn artifacts were uncovered, including primitive flutes made from mammoth tusks.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 3 (1993).]