Pavliuk, Pavlo [Pavljuk] (Pavlo But and Pavlo Mikhnovych), b ?, d 19 April 1638 in Warsaw. Zaporozhian Cossack leader. In 1635 he participated in the Cossack rebellion led by Ivan Sulyma that destroyed the Polish fortress of Kodak. In early 1637 Pavliuk led several thousand Cossacks who fought on the side of the Crimean khan Inayet Girei against the Ottoman appointee. In the summer of 1637 he led an anti-Polish revolt of Zaporozhian Cossacks. After capturing Korsun in August, Pavliuk issued a universal exhorting the Ukrainian people to rise up, and the rebels were soon joined by large numbers of peasants from both Right-Bank Ukraine and Left-Bank Ukraine. In December 1637 his army was routed by the Polish army at the Battle of Kumeiky. Pavliuk was handed over to the Poles, who took him to Warsaw and had him executed despite Adam Kysil's promise to the contrary.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 3 (1993).]