Pitted-Comb Pottery culture

Pitted-Comb Pottery culture. A Neolithic archeological culture which existed in northeastern Ukraine during the mid-4th to 3rd millennium BC. It was first studied in the early 20th century by Vasilii Gorodtsov, Mykhailo Rudynsky, and others. The people of this culture generally settled along river banks or terraces near lakes. Their major defining feature was slightly oval pottery decorated in the upper portions (and occasionally on the inside near the crown) with bands of pit marks and combed lines. The pottery was usually well-fired and thin-walled. The culture was adept with microlithic and macrolithic flint technology. Studies at sites have revealed a variety of implements, including axes, chisels, cutters, arrowheads, and awls. Several epochs of the culture have been identified. Scholars believe that the Pitted-Comb Pottery culture may have been a predecessor of the Marianivka culture.

[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 4 (1993).]

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