Podilia voivodeship [Województwo podolskie; Подільське воєводство (Podilske voievodstvo)]. An administrative territory formed under Polish rule in the mid-15th century. It incorporated most of western Podilia and consisted of Kamianets-Podilskyi, Letychiv, and Chervonohorod counties. Its administrative center was Kamianets-Podilskyi. The Poles were expelled from the territory for a brief period during the Cossack-Polish War (1648–57) and the Turkish occupation (1672–99). During the partitions of Poland the voivodeship was divided between Austria, which annexed Chervonohorod county in 1772, and Russia, which took the rest of the territory in 1793.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 4 (1993).]