Schädel, Johann Gottfried

Image - The hegumen's building in the Kyivan Cave Monastery rebuilt by Johann Gottfried Schadel. Image - Kyivan Cave Monastery: View of the Great Bell Tower and surrounding churches.

Schädel, Johann Gottfried, b 1680 in Wandsbek, near Hamburg, Germany, d 21 February 1752 in Kyiv. German architect. He came to Russia in 1713 and oversaw the construction of palaces for Duke Aleksandr Menshikov on Vasilii Island, Saint Petersburg, in Oranienbaum, and in Kronshtadt. Later he worked with Bartolomeo Francesco Rastrelli on buildings in the Kremlin and elsewhere in Moscow (1729–31). After settling in Kyiv in 1731, he designed and built an additional story to the Kyivan Mohyla Academy (1732–40), the famous Great Bell Tower of the Kyivan Cave Monastery in transitional baroque-classicist style (1731–44), and, probably, the Zaborovsky Gate. He supervised the reconstruction of the bell tower of the Saint Sophia Cathedral (1736–40) and the Kyiv metropolitan's residence (1744–8). In his works he skillfully blended features of Western architecture with the Cossack baroque and motifs of folk ornamentation.

[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 4 (1993).]


Image - The Great Bell Tower of the Kyivan Cave Monastery designed by Johann Gottfried Schadel and built in 1731-44 (19th century engraving). Image - The Great Bell Tower of the Kyivan Cave Monastery designed by Johann Gottfried Schadel and built in 1731-44. Image - The Great Bell Tower of the Kyivan Cave Monastery.


List of related links from Encyclopedia of Ukraine pointing to Schädel, Johann Gottfried entry:


A referral to this page is found in 6 entries.



Click Home to get to the IEU Home page; to contact the IEU editors click Contact.
To learn more about IEU click About IEU and to view the list of donors and to become an IEU supporter click Donors.  
 

©2001 All Rights Reserved. Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies.