Starostvo estates [старостинські маєтності; starostynski maietnosti]. In medieval Poland and Lithuania (14th–18th centuries), sections of crownlands granted by the ruler to magnates, nobles, or state officials for a fixed period or in perpetuity as a reward for services to the crown. The estates formed a part of the starostvos—hence their name. All income from the estates belonged to the starostas. Such estates were abolished in Left-Bank Ukraine after Bohdan Khmelnytsky’s uprising (1648), in Galicia after its annexation by Austria (1772), and in Right-Bank Ukraine after its annexation by Russia (1793).
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5 (1993).]