State Drama Theater
State Drama Theater (Derzhavnyi dramatychnyi teatr). A theater created on the initiative of Nataliia Doroshenko in Kyiv by the Hetman government in August 1918. With Oleksander Zaharov and B. Kryvetsky as artistic directors, the State Drama Theater debuted in the fall of 1918 with the premiere of Lesia Ukrainka's Lisova pisnia (The Forest Song). It performed modern Ukrainian and Western European plays by dramatists such as Volodymyr Vynnychenko, Henrik Ibsen, Gerhard Hauptmann, and Carlo Goldoni. Its main cast was forced to merge with the State People's Theater in the spring of 1919 to form the Shevchenko First Theater of the Ukrainian Soviet Republic.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5 (1993).]