Stavropol (Ставрополь). Map: VIII-23. A city (2019 pop 437,367) in the Stavropol Upland and the capital of Stavropol krai, Russian Federation. A fortress was built at the site in 1777 to defend the Russian Empire’s southern borders. In 1822 it became the capital of Caucasia gubernia, and in 1847, of Stavropol gubernia. The main postal route linking Europe with Caucasia ran through Stavropol. According to the census of 1926, Ukrainians accounted for 10 percent of the city’s population. The city was known as Voroshilovsk in 1935–43. Since then it has been the administrative, cultural, and economic center of Stavropol krai. The city is an industrial and transportation center. It has a large machine-building and chemical industry, a meat packing plant, a winery, a dairy, and leather and furniture factories. There are twenty higher educational institutions in Stavropol.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 3 (1993).]