Tomchanii, Mykhailo [Томчаній, Михайло; Tomčanij, Myxajlo], b 16 July 1914 in Horiany (now part of Uzhhorod), Transcarpathia, d 19 January 1975 in Uzhhorod. Writer. He began publishing stories in Transcarpathian periodicals in 1934. Beginning in 1950 he wrote several prose collections and the novels Nasha sim’ia (Our Family, 1953), Terezka (1957), Vitchym (The Stepfather, 1962), Skrypka—ioho molodist' (The Violin Is His Youth, 1968), Zhmeniaky (The Zhmeniaks, 1964), Tykhe mistechko (The Quiet Town, 1969), and Braty (Brothers, 1972). In his works he introduced Transcarpathian rural and urban themes into Soviet Ukrainian literature. He also translated Hungarian and Czech literary works into Ukrainian.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5 (1993).]