Trzciniec culture. A Bronze Age culture of the 16th to 12th centuries BC which existed in north central and northwestern Ukraine and parts of eastern Poland. It was named after an archeological site in Poland. Although excavations of this culture had been made as early as the 1870s and 1880s, it was regarded as a part of the Komariv culture and not recognized as a distinctive grouping until the 1960s. The people of the Trzciniec culture lived in semi-pit and surface dwellings and had outbuildings built on pilings for storing grain. Their funeral practices included both full body burials and cremations. They engaged in agriculture, animal husbandry, hunting, and fishing. In addition to flint and stone implements, a wide variety of pottery, bronze adornments, and evidence of several flint workshops have been uncovered at culture sites.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5 (1993).]