Tymkovsky, Illia [Тимковський, Ілля; Tymkovs'kyj, Illja], b 26 July 1773 in Pereiaslav, d 27 February 1853 in Turanivka, Hlukhiv county, Chernihiv gubernia. Pedagogue and writer. After completing studies at the Kyivan Mohyla Academy (1789) and Moscow University (1797) he taught law in Saint Petersburg and worked for the Ministry of Justice, where he attempted the first codification of Russian law. He then moved to Kharkiv, where he was a supervisor of the regional school district (from 1803) and a professor of law, history, and literature (1805–11) at Kharkiv University. In 1825–38 he was director of the Novhorod-Siverskyi Gymnasium. Tymkovsky was an ardent promoter of education and played a vital role in the establishment of gymnasiums and regional schools in Kharkiv, Chernihiv, Katerynoslav, Voronezh, Novhorod-Siverskyi, and Odesa. He also assisted in the founding of Kharkiv University.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5 (1993).]