Chernysh, Oleksander [Черниш, Олександер; Černyš], b 25 December 1918 in Kholmy, Chernihiv gubernia, 16 August 1993 in Lviv. Archeologist. A graduate of Kyiv University, he worked at Kyiv Historical Museum before joining his first archeological expeditions in the late 1930s. After the Second World War Chernysh worked at the Institute of Archeology of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR and in 1951, he became research associate of the archeology section of the Institute of Social Sciences of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. Chernysh studied a number of archeological sites from the Paleolithic Period and Mesolithic Period, including the Molodove archeological site (in particular he discovered the Molodove V archeological site), Volodymyrivka archeological site, and Oselivka archeological site. His works devoted to the history of the inhabitants on Ukrainian and Moldavian territory during the Stone Age include Volodymyrivs'ka paleolitychna stoianka (The Volodymyrivka Paleolithic Site, 1953), Paleolitychna stoianka Molodove V (The Paleolithic Site Molodove V, 1961), and ‘Karta paleolitu URSR’ (Map of the Paleolithic Era in the Ukrainian SSR) in Naukovi zapysky Instytutu suspil'nykh nauk AN URSR (vol 2, 1954), and many others.
[This article was updated in 2021.]
Encyclopedia of Ukraine