Okhtyrka [Охтирка; Oxtyrka]. Map: III-15. A city (2011 pop 49,323) at the junction of the Okhtyrka River and the Vorskla River and a raion center in Sumy oblast. The city was founded in 1641 and was an administrative center of Okhtyrka regiment in 1655–1765. The territory of this regiment suffered extensive damage during the Russo-Swedish conflict of 1708–9 and the Russo-Turkish war of 1735–9. Following the abolition of the Hetman state and the Cossack order, the Okhtyrka Cossack regiment was transformed into a hussar regiment and the territory became part of Slobidska Ukraine gubernia. In 1835, after the dissolution of this gubernia, Okhtyrka became part of Kharkiv gubernia.

Starting from the early 18th century Okhtyrka became a regional center of crafts and industry. In 1718 the first tobacco manufacture in Ukraine (and the Russian Empire) was established there. Today it has a machine building industry, a petroleum industry, a light industry, and a food industry. Its architectural monuments include the Cathedral of the Holy Protectress (1753). It is the birthplace of Yakiv Shchoholiv.

[This article was updated in 2010.]

Encyclopedia of Ukraine