Budapest. See Map. Capital city (2017 est pop 2,997,958) of Hungary. Until 1873 it represented two separate towns of Buda and Pest. In the 18th and 19th centuries Budapest was an important cultural center for Ukrainians from Transcarpathia. Many Ukrainians studied at its university. There were two Greek Catholic parishes in the city, in which Church Slavonic was replaced by Hungarian in the 1920s. The Transcarpathian Ukrainian community in the city was not separately organized and numbered about 500 in the 1960s. In 1837 the almanac Rusalka Dnistrovaia was published in Buda, and several Ukrainian periodicals appeared there at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. During the First World War the magazine Ukrània was published there in Hungarian. In 1919 the Communist paper Chervona Ukraïna appeared in Budapest. In 1918–21 diplomatic missions of the Ukrainian National Republic and the Western Ukrainian National Republic were stationed in the city. Budapest University has a chair in the Ukrainian language.

[This article was updated in 2021.]

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