Chornomore [Чорноморе; Black Sea]. A student organization in Chernivtsi (1913–40, with breaks between 1918 and 1923) that continued the traditions of the student association Soiuz. Chornomore conducted cultural and educational activities and maintained a choir; its members participated in other Ukrainian organizations in Bukovyna and provided the initiative in promoting Ukrainian publishing in Bukovyna. Chornomore co-operated with societies of the same name in Lviv, Cracow, Poznań, and Danzig. It had a women’s section. The organization had 110 members in 1923 and 307 members in 1934. In 1923–36 Kuban, an association of secondary school students, was affiliated with Chornomore.

[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]

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