Diiariiush or diariush (діяріюш). The name given a diary in Ukraine in the 17th–18th century. One of the oldest diaries was the ‘Diariush albo spisok diev pravdyvykh ...’ (Diary or Chronicle of True Events ...) by the hegumen of Berestia, Atanasii Fylypovych, which covers the period from 1638 to 1648. The diary of Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky’s secretary, Samiilo Zorka, has not survived, but parts of it were supposedly incorporated into the chronicle of Samiilo Velychko and other works by writers of the 18th century. Several diaries from the 18th century have been preserved. Mykola Khanenko’s private ‘Dnevnyk’ (Diary, entries for 1727–53 and excerpts from other years have been published); Yakiv A. Markovych’s ‘Dnevni zapysky’ (Daily Notations), which are rich in details about daily life (entries for 1717–40 have been published); Petro Apostol’s diary for 1725–7 written in French; Pylyp Orlyk’s travel journal written in Latin (entries for 1720–32 have been published in part). Besides these personal diaries, the General Military Chancellery under Hetman Ivan Skoropadsky and Danylo Apostol kept official daily records. Of these, the diaries of Mykola Khanenko (for 1722), of Pylyp Borzakovsky and of Ladynsky (for 1722–3), and others have been published. Many diaries of this period still remain unpublished.

[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]

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