Filatov, Vladimir

Filatov, Vladimir [Филатов, Владимир], b 27 February 1875 in the village of Mikhailovka, Penza gubernia, Russia, d 30 October 1956 in Odesa. Noted ophthalmologist, full member of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR from 1939 and of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR from 1944. Filatov graduated from the medical faculty of Moscow University in 1897. In 1903–11 he was an associate of the eye clinic of Odesa University and in 1921 he was appointed professor at the Odesa Medical Institute. There he founded the first Soviet glaucoma center in 1931. In 1936 he established and directed the Ukrainian Scientific Research Institute of Eye Diseases and Tissue Therapy, which was later named in his honor. He published over 430 works, including Uchenie o kletochnykh iadakh v oftal'mologii (Teachings on Cellular Poisons in Ophthalmology, 1908), Opticheskaia peresadka rogovitsy i tkanevaia terapiia (Optical Transplantation of the Cornea and Tissue Therapy, 1945, 1948), Tkanevaia terapiia. Lechenie biogennymi stimuliatorami (Tissue Therapy: Treatment with Biogenic Stimulators, 1948), Moi puti v nauke (My Paths in Science, 1955), Operatsii na rogovoi obolochke i sklere (Operations on the Cornea and Sclera, 1960), and Izbrannye trudy (Selected Works, 4 vols, 1961). Filatov founded an important ophthalmological school. In 1917 he made a major contribution in plastic surgery by inventing the Filatov pedicle, a tubed pedicle flap. In surgical opthalmology he introduced the method of transplanting corneas from corpses. He proposed new methods for diagnosing and treating glaucoma, trachoma, trauma, and ophthalmia and invented many original opthalmosurgical instruments. He discovered biogenic stimulants and developed a method of tissue therapy (1933) that is widely used in medicine, veterinary practice, and animal husbandry. In 1946 Filatov founded and edited Oftal'mologicheskii zhurnal in Odesa. For many years he served as president of the Society of Ophthalmologists of Ukraine.

H. Schultz

[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]

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