Kievlianin (The Kyivan). An almanac published and edited by Mykhailo Maksymovych. Only three volumes appeared: the first in 1840, the next in 1841 (both in Kyiv), and the last in 1850 (in Moscow). They contained many articles on the history of Kyiv (some of them by Maksymovych himself), Pereiaslav, Volhynia, and Transcarpathia. In his articles on literature, Maksymovych stressed the distinctiveness of the Ukrainian language and its great literary potential, and strongly condemned the attacks of the Russian chauvinist press on Ukrainian. The almanac published historical documents and charters, and the literary works of Yevhen Hrebinka, Hryhorii Kvitka-Osnovianenko, Panteleimon Kulish, and some Russian poets.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 2 (1989).]