Polubotok. A family of Cossack starshyna in the Chernihiv region, probably of burgher origin. Yarema (Ieremiia) Polubotok was a member of Chernihiv's magistrat in 1637–42, and Artem was a burgher there in the mid-17th century. Artem's son was Leontii Polubotok, and his son was Pavlo Polubotok. For most of Ivan Mazepa's hetmancy Leontii and Pavlo, who had been removed from their military-administrative posts, concentrated on developing trade and industry (glassworks, mining) on their estates. Pavlo's sons, Yakiv (d 15 April 1734 in Brody, Galicia) and Andrii (d 28 November 1744), were fellows of the standard from 1726 and 1728 respectively, as was Pavlo's grandson, Vasyl (d 29 June 1768), from 1752. In the 18th century the Polubotoks were the wealthiest starshyna family in the Left-Bank Hetman state, where they owned 3,200 peasant households. The last male Polubotok died in the second half of the 18th century, and the family's properties were inherited by the Myloradovych family and the Lashkevych family.

[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 4 (1993).]

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