Shramchenko, Sviatoslav

Shramchenko, Sviatoslav [Шрамченко, Святослав; Šramčenko, Svjatoslav], b 3 May 1893 in Baku, Transcaucasian krai, d 24 June 1958 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Naval officer. A graduate of the Alexander Military Law Academy in Saint Petersburg, in 1917 he was a member of the Ukrainian Military Revolutionary Staff of the Baltic Fleet. Later he served as senior adjutant to the minister for naval affairs of the Ukrainian National Republic (1918), deputy minister for naval affairs (1919), deputy commander of the UNR naval school (1919), and chief of the organizational department of the Naval General Staff (1920). He was promoted to the rank of naval commander. During the Second World War he chaired the Ukrainian Relief Committee in Kholm (1941–4). He wrote over 200 articles on naval history, which appeared in journals such as Za derzhavnist’ and Tabor, and books, including Istoriia ukraïns'koho viis'ka (History of the Ukrainian Armed Forces, 1936). After the Second World War he emigrated to the United States.

[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 4 (1993).]

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