Taman Peninsula. Map: VIII-17. A peninsula in the western part of Krasnodar krai in the Kuban region (in the Russian Federation), situated between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov across from the Kerch Peninsula, separated from it by the Kerch Strait. Covering an area of approximately 2,000 sq km, the peninsula has a low shoreline indented by many bays. It consisted of a series of islands until the 5th century AD, when they were joined together by alluvial deposits. The former islands now form domelike ridges up to 164 m high on which 25 mud volcanoes, some still active, are located. A number of saltwater lakes lie between the ridges. The peninsula has a steppe vegetation cover and has been sown with wheat and corn. Viticulture and fruit growing constitute other agricultural pursuits. Iron-ore and mineral deposits are also found there. The stanytsia Taman, located on the site of the ancient Greek colony of Hermonassa and a Kyivan Rus’ city of Tmutorokan, is one of the main historical settlements on the peninsula.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5 (1993).]