Andrusiv, Mykola [Андрусів, Микола], b 19 December 1861 in Odesa, d 27 April 1924 in Prague, Czechoslovakia. Geologist and paleontologist, professor at Dorpat University and Kyiv University (1905–12), full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and, from 1920, the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. Andrusiv’s principal works are on the stratigraphy and paleontology of the neogenesis of the regions of the Crimea, Caucasia, and Transcaspia. He developed a stratigraphic schema of the neogenesis of the Ponto-Caspian Basin, drew paleogeographic maps of the Black Sea Basin in the neogenetic and anthropogenetic periods, and determined that the Black Sea Basin was polluted by hydrogen sulfide.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]