Bezborodko [Bezborod'ko]. Surname of family of landowning officers of burgher-Cossack descent from the Pereiaslav region. Yakiv Bezborodko (d ca 1730) was a fellow of the banner in the Pereiaslav regiment from 1724 to 1730. His son Andrii (1711–80) was the general chancellor of the Hetmanate in 1741–2 and 1750–62 and, from 1762, a general judge in retirement. Andrii was the virtual head of the Ukrainian government during the hetmancy of Kyrylo Rozumovsky. His sons were Prince Oleksander Bezborodko (1747–99), a well-known statesman in the Russian Empire during the latter half of the 18th century, and Count Illia Bezborodko (1756–1815), a participant in the Russo-Turkish wars of 1768–74 and 1787–91, who became lieutenant general in 1795 and later a privy councillor to the tsar and senator. Illia was the founder of the Nizhyn Lyceum (originally known as the Bezborodko Gymnasium) in 1820. The Bezborodko lineage died out during the first half of the 19th century. The huge family estate and the title of count were inherited by the descendants of I. Bezborodko—the counts Kushelevych-Bezborodko.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]